eduID is what is known as a federated identity. In the field of information technology, identity is a user identity that can be used in several different organisations that have agreed on how to manage identities across organisational boundaries. The basic idea is that a given user, who is authenticated with an organisation, is automatically authenticated with another organisation in the federation.
One of the pillars in federated identities is a relationship of trust between the organisations that are part of the federation. Trust is based on an organisation relying on another organisation to carry out authentication - identification + verification - properly in a controlled and reliable IT environment. That is why eduID is certified by Kantara.
eduID has mainly been developed to facilitate the processing of undergraduates in the Swedish university community. eduID can also be used by postgraduates, teachers and other staff in higher education to restore passwords on university accounts, for dual factor authentication if required by local services, and so on.
SUNET has been working with the issue of identity management for a long time and developed eduID to make things easier for all parties in the higher education community. Identity management is a complex issue and many organisation need to work with confirmed users. Some of the services being currently developed will require a high level of security, and a supplementary login to eduID may be needed.
Once you have created your account, you will hardly ever need to log in to eduID. You only use your account to create and access other accounts, such as the local account for your job at the university. Many universities can also reset passwords through eduID. Some services in the future will make use of the dual factor solution in eduID to increase the security of login for sensitive functions.
♦ Start a new job and are going to confirm your identity to get access to your local university account
♦ Change university.
♦ Lose a password.